By HENRY OWINO (Senior Science Correspondent)
Employers and organizations are urged to support breastfeeding mothers by ensuring they allocate lactating rooms to enable the feeding process. This should include space where mothers can express breast milk for their young ones for later use.
Data from the Kenya Demographic Health Survey (KDHS) show that in 2003, the exclusive breastfeeding rates stood at 13 percent, and which rose to 32 percent in 2008.
Ministry of Health in collaboration with the African Population and Health Research Centre (APHRC) encourages mothers to breastfeed frequently even at workplace. Breast milk protect infants from diseases, grow stronger, helps premature and sick babies recover faster.
According to Ministry of Health, the figures are still not at a desirable level. It shows many Kenyan children still miss out on the important nutritional benefits of breastmilk.
“Out of approximately 1.5 million children born each year in Kenya, only 500,000 of them are exclusively breastfed. This means that over 1 million babies are exposed to the unnecessary risk of malnutrition and increased illness which impact negatively on the country’s road to achieving MDG 4 –that of reducing child mortality,” Mutahi Kagwe said.
Elizabeth Kimani-Murage , researcher with APHRC said breast milk has several benefits to the child as well as the mother. She revealed women who frequently breastfeed their children are less vulnerable to cancer of the breast.
“Although childbearing is known to protect against breast cancer, whether or not breastfeeding contributes to this protective effect is unclear. Research shows fewer women who lactate well suffer lower the risk of breast cancers,” Kimani-Murage said.
Kimani-Murage affirmed that most mothers probably know breastfeeding can give their babies a healthy start in life. However, it is not the only health benefit.
Research shows that mothers who breastfeed lower their risk of pre- and post-menopausal breast cancer. And, breastfeeding longer than the recommended six months can provide additional protection.
A study by Collaborative Group on Hormonal Factors in Breast Cancer, scientists, found that for every 12 months a woman breastfed, her risk of breast cancer decreased by 4.3%.
Epidemiological studies of 52,705 women with breast cancer and 108,411 women without breast cancer from 51 studies in 21 countries were collected, checked, and analyzed centrally. Other subsequent studies of the same also qualified the results.
The study compared mothers who breastfed to those who didn’t. It also found the 12-month time period could be with either one child or as the total for several children.
Breastfeeding also can help lower woman ovarian cancer risk by preventing ovulation. And the less you ovulate, the less exposure to estrogen and abnormal cells that could become cancer.
Furthermore, Australian researchers found that women who breastfed for more than 13 months were 63% less likely to develop ovarian cancer than women who breastfed for less than seven months.
Women who breastfed multiple children for more than 31 months could reduce their ovarian cancer risk by up to 91% compared to women who breastfed for less than 10 months.
According to World Health Organization (WHO) and American Institute for Cancer, a baby should exclusively be breastfed for at least six months. That means a baby receives only breast milk without water or any other liquids or solids for the entire period.
The health benefits and the mother cancer risk reduction become significant at six months and beyond. Breast milk provides all the energy and nutrients the baby needs during this time to develop and stay healthy.
According to Lindsey Wohlford, wellness dietitian, after six months, breast milk provides at least half of your child’s nutritional needs. So, mothers can gradually introduce foods like baby cereal, fruits and vegetables. However, they should continue to breastfeed.
“Breastfeeding past six months is not only beneficial for the child’s health, but the longer it is done, the more protection you receive against breast and ovarian cancers,” says Wohlford.
Many women who breastfeed, experience hormonal changes during lactation that delay their menstrual periods. This reduces a woman’s lifetime exposure to hormones like estrogen, which can promote breast cancer cell growth.
In addition, during pregnancy and breastfeeding, women shed breast tissue. “This shedding can help remove cells with potential DNA damage, thus helping to reduce her chances of developing breast cancer,” Wohlford says.
Breastfeeding not only reduces your chances for developing cancer, but also your child’s. “Evidence shows that it can help prevent your child from being overweight or obese later in life,” Wohlford says.
“Being obese puts a person at risk for many cancers. This includes pancreatic, breast (postmenopausal), endometrial, esophageal, rectal, and kidney cancers,” she adds.
Breastfeeding also helps strengthen your child’s immune system. Your antibodies pass from your milk to your child. This helps lower your child’s risks of ear infections, as well as respiratory and digestive system problems.
Research also indicates the longer a child is breastfed, the lower his or her chances of developing allergies.
Despite all the health perks, breastfeeding is not easy. If you are considering it or having trouble, get help from a lactation consultant or a professional breastfeeding specialist. Most work in hospitals or health programs.
Mothers can ask the hospital where they plan to deliver to send a consultant to their room shortly after the baby is born. The healthcare provider or child’s pediatrician also can help a mother find one.
Wohlford advises: “If you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant, educate yourself before your baby arrives. Talk to your doctor about finding a class that will teach you breastfeeding techniques and tips. You also can ask for classes or counseling as a baby shower gift.”
In most countries nowadays employers are required to provide break time and a private space for nursing mothers. So, lactating mothers should speak with their employers to ensure they have the proper setup to express the milk. Husbands can also support their wives back at home to ensure enough time is accorded for mother to breastfeed.
“While the push is for women to ‘just do it,’ they can’t go at it alone,” Wohlford says. Tell family and friends your plan to breastfeed even before your baby is born and ask for their support. “Their encouragement can go a long way,” she says.
Remember breastfeeding is about your health as well as your baby’s. So, go at it with the knowledge and resources to be successful. This is why the first week of August annually, is marked as World Breastfeeding Week.